What items need PAT testing?

August 16, 2022DazzerPat Testing

If you’re running a business, you must ensure that all electrical equipment remains safe for use. Extra priority must be given to checking and maintaining the safety of your electrical appliances. To do this, you must ensure that all of your appliances get PAT tested regularly. In this article, you will get to know about different appliances that need PAT testing and why it is essential!

Do you know what Appliance or equipment needs PAT testing?

PAT testing is a necessary process that helps to ensure the safety of your employees and customers. It is required by law for certain types of businesses to stay up-to-date on such requirements.

RB Services has the full capacity to help you with all of your PAT testing needs. We offer various services to make the process easy and convenient for you. Our work team is furnished with highly trained and experienced professionals, fully dedicated to providing quality service.

Contact RB Services today to learn more about our PAT testing services!

Portable Appliance Testing

Portable Appliance Testing is a process of examining electrical appliances and equipment to determine and maintain their safety  for your daily needs. . The test involves checking for any damage (which may be hidden to your eyes) or wear and tear that could cause an accident.

The Importance of PAT Testing

Pat Testing is essential for several reasons.

The importance of Pat testing includes:

  • It helps to ensure the safety of your employees and customers
  • It’s required by law for certain types of businesses
  • It can help to prevent accidents

Benefits of PAT Testing 

PAT Testing offers various benefits, including:

  • Improved safety for your employees and customers– as mentioned above, PAT testing helps to improve safety by ensuring that all electrical equipment is safe to use.
  • Reduced risk of accidents– by regularly testing your equipment, you can help reduce the risk of accidents like fire and electrocution
  • Compliance with the law– certain businesses must have their equipments PAT tested.
  • Peace of mind– knowing that all of your equipment is safe to use can give you peace of mind and help you avoid any stressful situations.
  • Quality check of Appliances– PAT testing can also help to identify any appliances that need to be repaired or replaced.

These are just a few of the benefits that PAT testing can offer. If you’re running a business, ensuring that all of your electrical equipment is safe to use is vital.You can also begin to enjoy these benefits from today. Contact RB Services now for a FREE quotation via info@rbtesting.com | 01212683144

Remember that prevention is always cheaper than cure! 

5 Reasons why you MUST do a Portable Appliance Test

If you are still not convinced that PAT testing is something your business needs to consider, here are five more reasons:

  • PAT testing can save lives– as mentioned above, this type of testing can help to improve safety and prevent accidents.This will keep you from unnecessary law suits regarding work accidents. 
  • It’s quick and easy– the testing process is relatively quick and easy, so it won’t take up too much of your time.
  • It’s affordable– PAT testing is an affordable way to ensure the safety of your equipment.RB Services gives a premium experience at affordable rates. 
  • Ensuring your appliance is safe– This testing type helps ensure that your devices are safe to use.
  • Save money– In the long run, PAT testing can help you save money by identifying any appliances that need to be repaired or replaced.

Safety should always be a top priority for everyone. These benefits show that portable Appliance testing is essential to consider.

How is equipment tested?

PAT tests involve using various tools and equipment to check for any damage or wear and tear. The test is usually conducted by a qualified technician having the necessary experience and knowledge to carry out the test correctly.

PAT testing process includes:

  • Inspection– This is the first step and it involves visually inspecting the appliance for any damage. It includes checking for any cracks, frayed wires, or other signs of wear.
  • Testing – The next step is to test the appliance using the relevant tools and equipment. It helps to identify any problems that may not be visible to the naked eye. It includes checking the insulation, earth continuity, and more.
  • Tagging – Once the appliance has been tested, it will be tagged with a label to indicate that it has been PAT tested. This label will show the date of the PAT test, the next due date, and more.
  • Recording– The final step is to record the results of the test in a PAT testing register. It helps to keep track of all appliances that have been tested and ensures that they are regularly checked.

This is just a brief overview of the PAT testing process. If you’re interested in learning more, RB Services will help. We offer a range of high-quality  services,professionally tailored to make the process easy and convenient for you. We also have a team of experienced, fast, and innovative professionals, dedicated to providing quality service.

Who does the testing?

PAT Testing is a high level  electrical work and should be done by the following:

  • Certified PAT Tester– A certified PAT tester will have the necessary experience and knowledge to perform the test correctly.
  • Qualified Electrician– A qualified electrician will also have the necessary experience and knowledge to perform the test correctly.
  • PAT Testing Company– Many companies offer PAT testing services. These companies usually have a team of qualified and certified testers who can conduct the test for you.

RB Services is a certifed company with years of experience in delivering quality PAT Testing services. Who else do you need? Contact RB Services now for a FREE quotation via info@rbtesting.com | 01212683144.

3 Stages of PAT tests to follow

Extra care, coupled with adequate knowledge are needed for performing PAT testing. The following will be required:

  • The appropriate equipment to carry out the tests.
  • The ability to use the test equipment properly.
  • The ability to understand the test results.

PAT Testing is done  in three main stages:

  1. User Check– The first stage is to check the appliance. It includes checking for any damage, frayed wires, or other signs of wear and tear. That is to prevent any faults in portable appliances.
  2. Visual Inspections – The second stage is to inspect the appliance visually. It includes checking the electrical device and equipment’s internal and external components. This visual test inspection requires reviewing a user’s guide or manual for comprehensive guidance.
  3. Combined Inspection and test– The third stage is to conduct a combined inspection and examination of the appliance. It includes all aspects of the visual inspection, plus testing the instrument using various tools and equipment. It has pat insulation test and internal integrity.

The three electrical classes of Pat Testing

Knowing these classes will give the tester a greater understanding of the appliance and how to test it correctly.

Portable electrical appliances are classified into three classes:

  1. Class I– These appliances have a metal body and are earthed.
  2. Class II– These appliances have a double insulation system and do not require earthing.
  3. Class III– These appliances have a transformer or current rectifier and require earthing.

The type of appliance will determine the level of testing required. Class I and II appliances must be tested for earth continuity and insulation resistance. Class III appliances must be tested for earth continuity, insulation resistance, and polarity.

Examples of Electrical Appliances According to Class

The following electrical appliances are great examples of Class I, II, and III but are not always included:

Class I

Kettles and toasters

  • Hair dryers and irons
  • Washing machines
  • Microwaves
  • Computers and Cables

Class II

  • Vacuum cleaner
  • Electric Drills
  • Televisions
  • food mixers

Class III

  • Mobile Chargers
  • Laptops
  • Torches
  • Cameras
  • Vending machines

Take note that it is essential to know these classes to maintain electrical equipment or appliances and to be able to identify the requirement for how often they must be pat tested.

PAT Test frequency

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) does not recommend how often appliances should be tested. However, PAT test frequency will depend on several factors, such as:

  • The risk level of the environment
  • Electrical Class of the appliances
  • Category of the Appliances

Health and Safety Executive also suggests considering the following for  PAT test:

  • The Manufacturer’s recommendation.
  • The Equipment’s age.
  • Effects of modifications and repairs.
  • Misuse of the equipment.
  • History of the item.

Depending on different factors, the PATesting frequency can be as little as every 12 months or as often as every month. As you can see, there are a few things to consider when it comes toPAT Testing. It is essential to ensure that all appliances are tested regularly to avoid accidents or injuries. If you have any questions, be sure to consult a professional.

When RB Services runs your PAT Test, you will be issued a document showing when the next test should be done. This way, the safety of your appliance will be secured.

Four Categories of Electrical Appliances After PAT Testing 

These are the four categories of portable electrical appliances:

  • Category I– These are appliances that have been tested and are in good working order. They should be retested at regular intervals.
  • Category II– These are appliances that have been tested and need repair. They should be retested after repairs have been made.
  • Category III– These are appliances that have been tested and need replacement. They should be replaced as soon as possible.
  • Category IV– These are appliances that have been tested and are unsafe. They should be removed from service immediately.

The tester must use their judgment to determine the appropriate category for each appliance.

Specialist PAT  testing equipment tests the appliance for earth continuity, insulation resistance, and polarity. The tester will need the appropriate knowledge and experience to interpret the results of the tests.

The Risk Level of the Environment

According to the Health and Safety Executive, electrical appliances can be classified into Low-risk environment, Medium risk environment, and high-risk environment.

  • If the environment is classed as low risk, then appliances can be tested every 12 months. In this environment, electrical appliances are used infrequently or for long periods, such as in private homes, schools, libraries, and museums.
  • Appliances should be tested every six months if the environment is classed as medium risk. In this environment, electrical appliances or portable equipment are used frequently or for long periods, such as in Factories, warehouses, and hospitals.
  • If the environment is classed as high risk, then appliances should be tested every three months. In this environment, Electrical devices are used continuously or for short periods, with an increased likelihood of electrical failure or misuse, such as in construction sites, gyms, arcades, laboratories, and kitchens.

The type of appliance being used also determines these risk levels.

How to prepare for a PAT test?

Preparing for a PAT test is essential to ensure the exercise runs smoothly . Here are a few tips on how to prepare for a PAT test:

  • Read the user manual or guide before the test. It will give you an understanding of the appliance and how it works.
  • Check for any damage, frayed wires, or other signs of wear and tear. That is to check any faults in portable appliances.
  • Make sure the appliance is clean and free from dust before the test.
  • Turn off the appliance before the test, including the power supply.
  • Remove any covers or plugs from the appliance.
  • Ensure that there is no loose clothing or jewelry that could get caught in the appliance during the test.

The PAT tester will need access to the appliance, so clearing away any obstacles is essential. Once the device is accessible, the tester must identify any hazards, such as water or bare wires.

It’s also essential to keep the area around the appliance well-ventilated and free from flammable materials. The tester will need to see the instrument clearly, so it’s essential to turn on any lights in the area.

Finally, the tester will need to know the manufacturer’s instructions for the appliance. These instructions will tell the tester how to operate the machine safely and conduct the test.

By following these tips, you can be sure that the appliance is safe and ready for testing.

What needs PAT Testing?

Electrical appliances powered by mains electricity need to be PAT tested. Also.,any device that could pose a risk to the user needs to be PAT tested. 

All portable appliances powered by between 50 to 415 volts and connected to the electrical mains by cables and plugs are classified as mobile devices requiring testing.

Electrical appliances are classified into the following:

  • Electrical Appliance – Any device that uses electricity to work is called an electrical appliance. It can include kettles, microwaves, and computers.
  • Moveable or Transportable equipment– Any equipment that can be moved or transported and not fixed, such as electric fire or equipment with wheels or other means to facilitate movement.
  • Stationary Appliances -Any equipment that is not designed to be moved and is fixed in place. It can include items such as electric heaters, refrigerators, and ovens.
  • Fixed Appliances or Equipment -Any equipment not designed to be moved, attached, or installed in a particular location or with a fixed installation. It can include air conditioners, electric showers, and extractor fans.
  • Information Technology Equipment Any equipment that uses computer technology is known as IT equipment. It can include items such as printers, scanners, and photocopiers.
  • Cables and chargers – Cables and chargers connect an appliance to the mains electricity.
  • Handheld devices – Any device that is small enough to be held in hand and not fixed in place. It can include hair straighteners, electric toothbrushes, drills, and shavers.

All these appliances must be PAT  tested to ensure they are safe. It is because they all pose a risk to the user if they are not working correctly. If your business uses the aplliances mentioned above, then you should contact RB Services to carry out a PAT test right now!

Everyday items that require  PAT Testing

These are some everyday items that need to be PAT tested:

  1. Extension cords
  2. Power boards
  3. Flexible cables
  4. Bolt-on plugs
  5. Wall sockets
  6. Light fittings
  7. Lamps
  8. Electrical tools and equipment
  9. Computers and office equipment
  10. Kitchen Appliances
  11. Heating and cooling appliances

Everyday items that do not require Pat test

Some appliances do not need to be pat tested.

These items are:

  1. Batteries
  2. Fuses
  3. Light bulbs
  4. Appliances with a detachable plug
  5. Double insulated appliances-These have two layers of insulation and no exposed metal parts. They also have the words “double insulated” or “class II” written.
  6. Appliances with a residual current device (RCD)
  7. Hard-wired appliances.-These are appliances that are connected directly to the mains without the use of a plug or cord. Examples of hardwired devices include stoves, ovens, and air conditioners.

Tips to keep your Appliances and equipment safe

Here are some tips to keep your appliances and equipment safe:

  • Regularly check your cords and plugs for damage. If you see any damage, replace the cable or plug immediately. Do not overload power boards and extension cords.
  • Do not use damaged electrical equipment. Keep cords away from heat sources, sharp edges, and wet areas.
  • Do not use extension cords as a permanent solution. If you need a permanent solution, have an electrician install additional outlets.
  • Ensure you have the correct type of fuse for the circuit you are using. Do not use appliances in wet areas unless designed for this purpose.
  • Keep flammable materials away from heaters and other heat-producing appliances.
  • Unplug appliances when they are not in use. Do not leave electrical equipment on overnight or when you are not home.

Following these tips will keep your appliances and equipment are safe to use. If you have any concerns about the safety of your electrical equipment, please contact a qualified electrician. Have your home equipped with working smoke and carbon monoxide detectors.

Test them monthly and replace the batteries as needed. PAT testing is an integral part of electrical safety.

Lastly, create and practice a family fire escape plan. Knowing what to do in an emergency can help to keep everyone safe.

What should you do if an appliance fails the test?

If an appliance fails the test, it’s essential to take action immediately.

The first step is to identify the problem and determine whether it can be repaired or if the appliance needs to be replaced.

If the appliance can be repaired, it’s essential to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully. Once the repairs are made, the device must be retested to ensure it is safe.

If the appliance needs to be replaced, it’s essential to find a replacement that meets the same safety standards as the original appliance. The replacement appliance must also be tested before it can be used.

By taking action immediately, you can ensure that any appliances in your home or business will be safe to use and will not risk your safety.

PAT Testing from RB Services

RB Services offers convenient and highly affordable PAT Testing services. Without breaking your bank. We can test all appliances in your home or business to ensure they are safe and compliant with safety standards.

RB Services is the leading Midlands specialists in Portable Appliance Testing (PAT Testing), Fixed Electrical Testing & Fire Extinguisher Servicing, providing a nationwide service to our customers.

Our team of experienced and qualified pat testers will conduct a thorough testing process and provide you with a detailed report of their findings. We can also advise on any appliance needing to be repaired or replaced. All our electricians are fully trained in all aspects of Portable Appliance Testing and Fixed Electrical Testing and are City & Guilds Qualified.

We comply, maintain, and protect! Choosing RB Services has the most advantages.

Advantages of RB Services are:

  • All electrical tests, whether domestic or commercial, are carried out in line with The Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE) code of practice for in-service inspection and testing of electrical equipment.
  • We strive to provide excellent value for money with highly competitive prices – there are no hidden prices, and we do not take shortcuts. We understand that every business is individual with different needs and requirements; however, we strive to make our service affordable to all.
  • We have the latest in Portable appliance testing equipment (PAT) and software, which enables us to produce next-day reports that can be emailed across as a PDF document for ease and speed.
  • We tailor our service to our customer’s needs and can carry out testing out of hours, so there is no inconvenience to the day-to-day running of your business.
  • Our client base is well established and consists of offices, hotels, care homes, schools, nurseries, hair salons, pubs, factories, workshops, landlords, DJs, solo artists, and bands in Birmingham, the Midlands, and across the UK.

PAT testing should not be considered a responsibility. It is an integral part of health and safety in the workplace and should be carried out regularly.

If you have concerns about how tests in your establishment should be carried out, click here to get expert advice and a free quotation.


Q: Who is a PAT testing specialist?

A: A PAT testing specialist is a person who is trained to test electrical appliances for safety.

Q: Should  electrical testing also be conducted?

A: Electrical testing should also be conducted on all appliances powered by mains electricity.

Q: Why do I need testing?

A: Portable appliances require pat testing to ensure they are safe. It is because they all pose a risk to the user if they are not working correctly.

Final Thoughts

All businesses should ensure that their electrical equipment is safe by regularly testing PAT. The items that need pat testing may vary depending on their category, class, and environmental risk, but generally speaking, portable electrical equipment that uses mains electricity needs to be pat tested. If you’re not sure whether or not your appliances need to be PAT tested, get in touch with a professional, and they’ll be able to help you out. RB Services is here to help if you’re seeking for a trustworthy and reasonably priced PAT testing service!